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Die Inhalte und Aussagen auf den Seiten zum Thema Biodiversität basieren auf verschiedenen Quellen und Berechnungen, welche Sie hier aufgelistet finden. Es liegen die jeweils zuletzt veröffentlichten Statistiken zugrunde. Diese können aufgrund des Intervalls, in dem sie veröffentlicht werden, durchaus ein paar Jahre alt sein.

  • Convention on Biological Diversity, Artikel 2 abgerufen am 11.Oktober 2021: www.cbd.int/convention/articles/
  • Mora C, Tittensor DP, Adl S, Simpson AGB, Worm B (2011) How Many Species Are There on Earth and in the Ocean? PLoS Biol 9(8): e1001127. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.100112IPBES 2019_Global Biodiv Assessment_summary for policymakers, S. 13
  • Streit, B. (2006): „Biozahl 2006 – 2 Millionen-Grenze erreicht“ Natur und Museum, Band 136, Heft 5/6, S. 131-134. Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft (SNG), Frankfurt am Main.
  • www.bfn.de/infothek/daten-fakten/zustand-der-natur/tiere-pflanzen-und-pilze/ii-11-1-artenzahlen-pflanzen-pilze-und-tiere.html (Zahlen von IUCN 2014)
  • State of the Worlds Plants and Fungi 2020, Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew
  • Antonelli, Alexandre & Hiscock, Simon & Lennon, Sarah & Simmonds, Monique & Smith, Rhian & Young, Bennett. (2020). Protecting and sustainably using the world’s plants and fungi. Plants, People, Planet. 2. 368-370. 10.1002/ppp3.10150.
  • IUCN Red List – Background History: www.iucnredlist.org/about/background-history Abgerufen am 8. Oktober 2021
  • IUCN Red List Summary Statistics: www.iucnredlist.org/resources/summary-statistics Abgerufen am 8. Oktober 2021
  • International Institute for Species Exploration: www.esf.edu/species/ Abgerufen am 8. Oktober 2021
  • IPBES 2019_Global Biodiv Assessment_summary for policymakers, S. 13
  • Basset, Yves & Springate, N.D. & Aberlanc, H.P. & Delvare, Gerard. (1997). A review of methods for sampling arthropods in tree canopies. Canopy Arthropods. 27-52.
  • Gese, Eric M., "Monitoring of terrestrial carnivore populations" (2001). USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications. 576.
  • Thomsen, Philip & Willerslev, Eske. (2014). Environmental DNA – An emerging tool in conservation for monitoring past and present biodiversity. Biological Conservation. 183.
  • www.ipbes.net/news/Media-Release-Global-Assessment
  • Brown, James H. “Why are there so many species in the tropics?.” Journal of biogeography vol. 41,1 (2014): 8-22. doi:10.1111/jbi.12228
  • www.tagesspiegel.de/wissen/korallen-die-wiege-der-vielfalt/1661272.html Abgerufen am 8. Oktober 2021
  • „Riffe als Wiegen der Evolution und Quellen der Biodiversität“ aus Science (Band 327, Seite 196) , Studie von  Paläontologe Wolfgang Kießling
  • The Nature Education Knowledge Project: www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/biodiversity-and-ecosystem-stability-17059965/ abgerufen am 11.10.21 von ML
  • Begon, Harper, Townsend (2006) „Ecology“, Blackwell Publishing ltd., S. 584
  • Kritische Betrachtung: Cottee-Jones, H Eden W & Whittaker, Robert. (2012). The keystone species concept: a critical appraisal. Frontiers of Biogeography. 4. 117.
  • Caro T. 2010. Conservation by proxy: indicator, umbrella, keystone, flagship, and other surrogate species. Island Press, Washington, D.C. in: Kalinkat et al. 2017, Conservation Biology Vol. 31, Iss. 2, p. 481-485
  • National Geographic Education Classroom Resources Resource Library: www.nationalgeographic.org/article/role-keystone-species-ecosystem/ abgerufen 11.10.21 von ML
  • Garibaldi, A. and N. Turner. 2004. Cultural keystone species: implications for ecological conservation and restoration. Ecology and Society 9(3): 1. [online] URL: www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss3/art1/
  • Kress, W. John, George E. Schatz, Michel Andrianifahanana, and Hilary Simons Morland. “Pollination of Ravenala Madagascariensis (Strelitziaceae) by Lemurs in Madagascar: Evidence for an Archaic Coevolutionary System?” American Journal of Botany 81, no. 5 (1994): 542–51. doi.org/10.2307/2445728.
  • Betts, Matthew & Hadley, Adam & Kress, W. (2015). Pollinator recognition by a keystone tropical plant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 112. 3433–3438. 10.1073/pnas.1419522112.
  • Arditti, Joseph & Elliott, John & Kitching, Ian & Wasserthal, Lutz. (2012). ‘Good Heavens what insect can suck it’– Charles Darwin, Angraecum sesquipedale and Xanthopan morganii praedicta. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 169. 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01250.x
  • www.wissenschaft.de/leben-umwelt/biologie/-/journal_content/56/12054/2421608/Kurioses-Symbiose-Team/ Bild der Wissenschaft - 05.11.2013 Original:
  • Pringle EG, Akçay E, Raab TK, Dirzo R, Gordon DM (2013) Water Stress Strengthens Mutualism Among Ants, Trees, and Scale Insects. PLOS Biology 11(11): e1001705. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001705
  • www.bpb.de/gesellschaft/umwelt/dossier-umwelt/61283/bedeutung
  • Deutschland und die EU-Kommission 2007 eine Studie zur „Ökonomie von Ökosystemen und biologischer Vielfalt“ ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/biodiversity/economics/index_en.html

Planta Med 2018; 84:487–499 © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York - An Update on the Biological Activities ofEuterpe edulis(Juçara) Alyne Lizane Cardoso et al.

Palms: Their Conservation and Sustained Utilization : Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan; Dennis Victor Johnson, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, IUCN, 1996 - 116 Seiten; S.92

The Atlantic Forest of South America: Biodiversity Status, Threats, and Outlook- Centre for Applied Biodiversity Science - Island Press, 2003 - 488 Seiten, S. 304 spp.

Functional Extinction of Birds Drives Rapid Evolutionary Changes in Seed Size, Mauro Galetti et al., Science340, 1086 (2013)

Quellen Seite „Der Paranuss-Baum"
  • Brouard, O., Céréghino, R., Corbara, B., Leroy, C., Pelozuelo, L., Dejean, A. u. J.F. Carrias (2012): Understorey environments influence functional diversity in tank-bromeliad ecosystems. In: Freshwater Biology 57 (4) S. 815-823.
  • Caldwell, J. P., u. C. W. Myers (1990): A new poison frog from Amazonian Brazil, with further revision of the quinquevittatus group of Dendrobates. In: American Museum Novitates 2988. S. 1–21.
  • Cavalcante, M. C., Oliveira, F. F., Maués, M. M., u. B. M. Freitas (2012): Pollination Requirements and the Foraging Behavior of Potential Pollinators of Cultivated Brazil Nut (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl.) Trees in Central Amazon Rainforest. In: Psyche: A Journal of Entomology.
  • Cavalcanti, S.M.C. u. E.M. Gese (2010): Kill rates and predation patterns of jaguars (Panthera onca) in the southern Pantanal, Brazil. In: Journal of Mammalogy 91 (3). S. 722–736.
  • de Cassia Bianchi, R., Mendes, S.L., u. P. de Marco Júnior (2010): Food habits of the ocelot, Leopardus pardalis, in two areas in southeast Brazil, In: Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 45 (3). S. 111-119.
  • Diesel, R. (1992): Maternal care in the bromeliad crab, Metopaulias depressus: protection of larvae from predation by damselfly nymphs. In: Animal Behaviour 43 (5). S. 803-812.
  • Dunn, D.W. (2020): Stability in fig tree–fig wasp mutualisms: how to be a cooperative fig wasp. In: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 130. S. 1-17. doi: 10.1093/biolinnean/blaa027.
  • Emmons, L.H. (1987): Comparative Feeding Ecology of Felids in a Neotropical Rain-Forest. In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 20. S. 271-283. doi: 10.1007/BF00292180.
  • Emsens, WJ., Hirsch, B.T., Kays, R. u. P.A. Jansen (2014): Prey refuges as predator hotspots: ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) attraction to agouti (Dasyprocta punctata) dens. In: Acta Theriol 59. S. 257–262. doi: 10.1007/s13364-013-0159-4.
  • Guariguata, M.R., Cronkleton, P., Duchelle, A.E. P.A. Zuidema (2017): Revisiting the ‘cornerstone of Amazonian conservation’: a socioecological assessment of Brazil nut exploitation. In: Biodivers Conserv 26. S. 2007–2027.
  • González-Maya, J., Navarro-Arquez, E. u. J. Schipper (2010): Ocelots as prey items of jaguars: a case from Talamanca, Costa Rica. In: CatNews 53. S. 11-12.
  • Hao, G., Cao, K. u. G. Goldstein (2016): Hemiepiphytic Trees: Ficus as a Model System for Understanding Hemiepiphytism. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-27422-5_1.
  • Haugaasen, J., Haugaasen, T., Peres, C., Gribel, R., u. P. Wegge (2010): Seed dispersal of the Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) by scatter-hoarding rodents in a central Amazonian forest. In: Journal of Tropical Ecology, 26(3). S. 251-262.
  • Harrison, R., Hamid, A., Kenta, T., Lafrankie, J., Lee, H., Nagamasu, H., Nakashizuka, T.  u. P. Palmiotto (2003): The diversity of hemi‐epiphytic figs (Ficus ; Moraceae) in a Bornean lowland rain forest. In: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 78. S. 439 - 455. doi: 10.1046/j.0024-4066.2002.00205.x.
  • Klein, A.M., Freitas, B.M., Bomfim, I.G.A., Boreux, V., Fornoff, F. u. M.O. Oliveira (2020): Insect Pollination of Crops in Brazil. A Guide for Farmers, Gardeners, Politicians and Conservationists. In: Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology. doi: 10.6094/UNIFR/151200.
  • Ladino, G., Ospina-Bautista, F., Varón, J.E., Jerabkova, L. u. P. Kratina (2019): Ecosystem services provided by bromeliad plants: A systematic review. In: Ecology & Evolution 9 (12). S. 7360-7372.
  • Moreno, R., Kays, R., u. R. Samudio (2006): Competitive Release in Diets of Ocelot (Leopardus Pardalis) and Puma (Puma Concolor) after Jaguar (Panthera Onca) Decline. In: Journal of Mammalogy 87. S. 808–816. doi: 10.1644/05-MAMM-A-360R2.1.
  • Motta-Tavares, T., Maia-Carneiro, T., Dantas, L.F., Sluys, M.V., Hatano, F.H., Vrcibradic, D. u. C.F.D. Rocha (2016): Ecology of the bromeligenous frog Phyllodytes luteolus (Anura, Hylidae) from three restinga remnants across Brazil's coast. In: Biological Sciences 88 (1). doi: 10.1590/0001-3765201620140380.
  • Pereira, R., Rodrigues, E. u. A. Menezes (2007): Phenological patterns of Ficus citrifolia (Moraceae) in a seasonal humid-subtropical region in Southern Brazil. In: Plant Ecology 188. S. 265-275. doi: 10.1007/s11258-006-9161-0.
  • Peres, A.C. u. C. Baider (1997): Seed dispersal, spatial distribution and population structure of Brazilnut trees (Bertholletia excelsa) in southeastern Amazonia. In: Journal of Tropical Ecology 13 (4) S. 595 – 616.
  • Peres, C.A., Baider, C., Zuidema, P.A., Wadt, L., Kainer, K., Gomes-Silva, D., Salomão, R., Simões, L., Franciosi, E., Valverde, F., Gribel, R., Shepard, G., Kanashiro, M., Coventry, P., Yu, D., Watkinson, A. u. R. Freckleton (2003): Demographic Threats to the Sustainability of Brazil Nut Exploitation. In: Science 302. S. 2112-2114. doi: 10.1126/science.1091698.
  • Peres, A.C., Barlow, J. u. W.F. Laurance (2006): Detecting anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests. In: Trends in ecology & evolution 21. S. 227-229. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2006.03.007.
  • Romero, G.Q., Nomura, F., Gonçalves, A.Z., Dias, N.Y.N., Mercier, H., de C. Conforto, E. u. D. de C. Rossa-Feres (2010): Nitrogen fluxes from treefrogs to tank epiphytic bromeliads: an isotopic and physiological approach. In: Oecologia 162. S. 941–949.
  • Sabagh, L., Ferreira, R. u. C. Rocha (2017): Host bromeliads and their associated frog species: Further considerations on the importance of species interactions for conservation. In: Symbiosis 73. S. 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s13199-017-0500-9.
  • Storti, E., Braga, P. u. A. Filho (2010): Reproductive biology of Cattleya eldorado, a species of Orchidaceae from the Amazonian white sand campinas. In: Acta Amazonica. 41. S. 361-368. doi: 10.1590/S0044-59672011000300005.
  • Suselbeek, L., Emsens, W.J., Hirsch, B.T., Kays, R., Rowcliffe, J.M., Zamora-Gutierrez, V. u. P.A. Jansen (2014): Food acquisition and predator avoidance in a Neotropical rodent. In: Animal Behaviour 88. S. 41-48.
  • Thomas, E., Alcázar Caicedo, C., Loo, J. u. R. Kindt (2014): The distribution of the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) through time: from range contraction in glacial refugia, over human-mediated expansion, to anthropogenic climate change. In: Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Naturais 9. S. 267-291.
  • Williams, N. u. W. WHI (1983): Orchid Floral Fragrances and Male Euglossine Bees: Methods and Advances in the Last Sesquidecade. In: Biological Bulletin 164. doi: 10.2307/1541248.
  • Zuidema, P.A. (2003): Ecology and management of the Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa). In: PROMAB Scientific Series.
  • www.bfr.bund.de/cm/343/hoechstmengenvorschlaege-fuer-selen-in-lebensmitteln-inklusive-nahrungsergaenzungsmitteln.pdf (letzter Aufruf: 19.05.2022)
  • www.bfs.de/DE/themen/ion/umwelt/lebensmittel/radioaktivitaet-nahrung/radioaktivitaet-nahrung_node.html (letzter Aufruf: 19.05.2022)
Was ist der ökologische Fußabdruck?

www.footprintnetwork.org Abgerufen am 24. Mai 2019

www.footprintnetwork.org/our-work/earth-overshoot-day/ Abgerufen am 24. Mai 2019

de.statista.com/infografik/10574/oekologischer-fussabdruck-die-welt-ist-nicht-genug/ Abgerufen am 24. Mai 2019